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getting sizes of multidimensional arrays


Hello, I was fiddling around with lazarus trying to work out how to obtain the sizes of multidimensional arrays,

I find it is a little counterintuitive, but the following works for a four dimensional array:

--- Code: ---myarray: array of array of array of array of integer;

{ TForm1 }

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
  //first dimension
  label1.caption := inttostr(high(myarray));
  label2.caption := inttostr(high(myarray[0]));
  label3.caption := inttostr(high(myarray[0,0]));
  label4.caption := inttostr(high(myarray[0,0,0]));
--- End code ---

Hope it's useful for someone

regards Albert

I found this very useful, thank you!

There are further problems though: there's no obvious way to ask a (dynamic) array how many dimensions it's got, before asking how many elements there are in each. See

for a "fun example" which I raise every five years or so to irritate @PascalDragon :-)

The joke is, of course, that while no True Pascal Programmer likes APL (on which the problem I'm demonstrating is based), Wirth was actually the academic supervisor of the first APL implementation while he was at Stanford.



For Dynamic arrays:

--- Code: Pascal  [+][-]window.onload = function(){var x1 = document.getElementById("main_content_section"); if (x1) { var x = document.getElementsByClassName("geshi");for (var i = 0; i < x.length; i++) { x[i].style.maxHeight='none'; x[i].style.height = Math.min(x[i].clientHeight+15,306)+'px'; x[i].style.resize = "vertical";}};} --- generic function GetSize<T,DT>(AnArray: T):int32;varn,size,d:int32;b:Tboundarray;beginsize:=1;d:=DynArrayDim(typeinfo(AnArray));b:=DynArrayBounds(pointer(AnArray),typeinfo(AnArray));writeln('Number of dimensions: ',d);write('size of each dimension ');for n:=low(b) to high(b) do write((1+b[n]),' ');writeln;    for n :=1 to d do size:=size*(b[n-1]+1);       size:=size*sizeof(DT);      exit(size); end;     typeaoi = array of array of array of integer;aoc = array of array of char;aoq = array of array of array of array of int64;ArrayOfArrayOfDouble = array of array of double;  varinput_vectors: ArrayOfArrayOfDouble;   a:aoi=nil;   b:aoc=nil;   c:aoq=nil;    begininput_vectors := [[0.0, 0.0],                  [0.0, 1.0],                  [1.0, 0.0],                  [1.0, 1.0]];      setlength (a,7,5,2);   setlength(b,40,30);   setlength(c,4,2,7,2);       writeln(specialize getsize<aoi,integer>(a),' = size in bytes for integer array');      writeln;   writeln(specialize getsize<aoc,char>(b),' = size in bytes for char array');      writeln;   writeln(specialize getsize<aoq,int64>(c),' = size in bytes for int64 array');      writeln;   writeln(specialize getsize<ArrayOfArrayOfDouble,double>(input_vectors ),' = size  in bytes for double array');      writeln;   writeln('Press return to exit . . .');   readln;   end.   


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